460 Ford Upgrades

What is it


The Lima series engine is one of Ford’s most rugged propulsion systems. Arriving on stage in 1968, first as the 460 at Lincoln and then as the 429 at the other big Ford, this 385-series engine lasted until 1997 – a 30-year mileage that is astounding, given Ford’s propensity for change. Used in the Lincolns tugboat until 1978 and later in the full-size Fords and Mercurys, the 460 also made its way into the 31/44-ton E-350 trucks and vans from the 70s to the early 90s. This veteran engine can also be found in motor homes, on ships and even in stationary industrial applications.

Ford 460 engine

The cost of a full engine varies depending on the condition, but we’ve heard that it only costs $200. We bought ours for a little more from Memory Lane mainly as a full engine, including all accessories, because we were in a hurry and couldn’t find time to find a cheaper version. Adopt it and take it home. The Ford gods will smile at you.

The Model 460 and its 429 cousins are large, short stroke. The Model 460 uses a 3.85-inch stroke, while the Model 429 is only 3.59-inch. This makes the 429’s shift increase simple enough. The rod length is 6.605 inches, providing a ratio of rod length to stroke length of 1.71:1 with the 460. Most production units can withstand up to 0.060 inches of excess barrel, creating 472. If you want to find thick-walled castings, you can switch to 0.080-over (4.440″ barrel) and 477ci with a stroke.

460 Specifications


The Ford 460 cubic inch V8 engine has a cylinder diameter of 4.36 inches and a crankshaft stroke of 3.85 inches. Built before 1972, the 460-cycle V8 engine has 365 hp at 4200 rpm and 485 lb-ft at 2800 rpm. The compression ratio is 10.5:1, and fuel is supplied by a four-drum Autolite carburetor. Since 1972, the 460 has produced 212 horsepower at 4400 rpm and 342 lb-ft of torque at 2600 rpm. Compression ratio has been reduced to 8.5:1, and the carburetor is a four-barrel motorcycle unit. After the mid-1980s, the carburetors were replaced by electronic fuel injection engines with 245 hp and 400 lb-ft of torque.

Ford 460 engine part 2

Dimensions

The block length of 460 cubic inches is 34 inches, 32 inches wide and 30 inches high. The dry weight without gas and oil is about 720 pounds.

Ford 460 main bearing caps should be tightened to 105 lb and connecting rod bolts to 45 lb. Levers are tightened to 20 lb, and oil pump mounting bolts are tightened to 25 lb. Cylinder head bolts are tightened to 140 lb, and suction manifold bolts are tightened to 30 lb.

Identification

The 385 motor family can be identified by the number of bolts that hold each valve cap. If you count the seven bolts, you get 429 or 460 V8. All other Ford V8 motors have different number of bolts holding the valve cap. To distinguish between 429 and 460, check the orientation of the thermostat housing at the front of the motor unit. If it is facing upwards, it is a 460.

What modifications and replacements are available for the 460 Ford (several of them)?


Holley 0-80452

Holley 0-80452
Holley 0-80452

Holley replacement carburetors are designed to improve performance and legalize emissions. Refer to the application chart below for specific parts technical resources.

Factory repaired carburettors are NOT old, worn-out carburettors that have been repaired. They are carbohydrates that have been returned under warranty. When these carbohydrates are returned, we check them and in most cases there is nothing wrong with them. Usually they’re just regulated outside the working range by the installer.

Since these carbohydrates may show signs of a previous installation, it is our policy not to sell them as new. Instead of scrapping them, we make them directly available to the public. Not only does this help us control the cost of our new carbohydrates, it allows you to get a lot on the carburetor!

The factory’s Reconstructed Carbohydrates have been thoroughly tested. Any damaged parts that could affect performance have been replaced, and the carbhydrates are solvent-based before moisture testing on Holley’s modern flow test stands, allowing them to be recalibrated to the new carbon specifications. Carbohydrates repaired at the plant may have scratches, stains or other visual defects left over from the previous installation.

Edelbrock 9913

Edelbrock 9913
Edelbrock 9913

The Edelbrock 9913 Series 750 CFM Electric Choke Carburetor is a finely tuned, quality carburetor that can handle the rig’s harsh everyday driving conditions while delivering stable, reliable street performance day in, day out. Several features make the 9913 Series 750 CFM Electric Throttle Carburetor an outstanding street performance.

These carburetors have a two-part alluminium design to reduce operating temperatures and deformation. No gaskets below fuel tank level for fewer leaks, and no plastic parts or power valves to blow out. The metering rods in the carburetors are easy to change for fine tuning, and the main venturi amplifier has a lower-flow design for smoother acceleration and better controllability.

Holley 0-80508S

Holley 0-80508S
Holley 0-80508S

One of the most widely used holly carbohydrates of all time. Its double fuel inlets ensure that you get all the fuel you need, and its 750 CFM airflow makes it an ideal carbonate upgrade performance. Its vacuum second and electric throttle valves make it easy to use on a wide range of vehicles.

This carburetor is a direct replacement for all Ford Vehicles with a square suction manifold opening. These four barrels of Holly carburetor’s electric throttles are calibrated for excellent street performance and are easily heated. The 750 CFM carburetor features a dual fuel inlet, vacuum stopwatch and universal calibration for easy bolt mounting.

These Holley 4160 carburetors are easier to set up than full-rack carburetors with intermediate dosing units and twin pumps.

  • Upgrading productivity for warehouse stocks to lightly modified vehicles
  • Universal calibration for easy bolt fastening
  • Factory preset electric choke for easy start-up
  • Vacuum separators for use on different vehicles. Compensation for all vehicle weights, gears and transmissions to ensure a smooth opening of the separator.
  • Double fuel inlet openings for a constant supply of large quantities of fuel.
  • Ford A/T kickdown
  • Power valve burnout protection
  • 100% wet flow tested by Holley technicians to make sure it arrives ready to go!

Final result


Thanks to this source, now you know what modifications are available for the Ford 460 carburetor. Basic features and specification. You can easily improve your Ford and add even more power. Let your Ford be the Best!

How to Lift WRX?

SUBARU IMPREZA

The new Subaru Impreza was first presented to the world public at the annual New York International Motor Show in 2016. In fact, the model is a full-fledged fifth generation, not just another planned restyling. It won’t be difficult to distinguish the novelty from its predecessor. It has stylish, elongated, fender-facing headlights with large reflectors and elegant sections of LED daytime running lights. The grille is made in the corporate style. It has a hexagonal shape, consists of many elongated plastic cells, chrome plated lining and flaunting the logo of the manufacturer. Below, on the front bumper, there is a small rectangular air intake, on both sides of which you can see special niches with small round fog lights. In general, the car has received stylish and modern design, but at the same time it has not lost its family features and is still well recognized on the road.

New Subaru Impreza

The new Subaru Impreza was first presented to the world public at the annual New York International Motor Show in 2016. In fact, the model is a full-fledged fifth generation, not just another planned restyling. It won’t be difficult to distinguish the novelty from its predecessor. It has stylish, elongated, fender-facing headlights with large reflectors and elegant sections of LED daytime running lights. The grille is made in the corporate style. It has a hexagonal shape, consists of many elongated plastic cells, chrome plated lining and flaunting the logo of the manufacturer. Below, on the front bumper, there is a small rectangular air intake, on both sides of which you can see special niches with small round fog lights. In general, the car has received stylish and modern design, but at the same time it has not lost its family features and is still well recognized on the road.

Subaru Impreza clearance

Subaru Impreza is the most sold car of Subaru company. The car is produced since 1992, and is the ideological successor of the Subaru Leone model. Impreza is known in various body modifications – sedan, hatchback and wagon. Like all models of the Japanese brand, the Subaru Impreza is equipped with a branded all-wheel drive, but the engine range may vary. To date, the fifth generation of Subaru Impreza is produced. The production of the model began in 2016. The vehicle is the successor of a quite successful predecessor of the same name, which was produced in the period 2012-2016.

Subaru Impreza
Subaru Impreza

The first generation of Subaru Impreza, in addition to the usual bodies, was also known in the two-door modification “coupe”. The car of 1992 model was equipped with 1.5 and 1.6 liter engines with an output of 95 and 100 horsepower. There were also versions with engines of 1.8 and 2.0 liters. The most powerful was 155-horsepower version.

The second generation Impreza was available with 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 liters engines. In the most productive version, the engine power (2.5 liters) is 175 horsepower.

NOMECLIRENCE 150-170 Subaru Impreza Clearance

Subaru Impreza clearance

Subaru Impreza is the most sold car of Subaru company. The car is produced since 1992, and is the ideological successor of the Subaru Leone model. Impreza is known in various body modifications – sedan, hatchback and wagon. Like all models of the Japanese brand, the Subaru Impreza is equipped with a branded all-wheel drive, but the engine range may vary. To date, the fifth generation of Subaru Impreza is produced. The production of the model began in 2016. The vehicle is the successor of a quite successful predecessor of the same name, which was produced in the period 2012-2016.

The first generation of Subaru Impreza, in addition to the usual bodies, was also known in the two-door modification “coupe”. The car of 1992 model was equipped with 1.5 and 1.6 liter engines with an output of 95 and 100 horsepower. There were also versions with engines of 1.8 and 2.0 liters. The most powerful was 155-horsepower version.

The second generation Impreza was available with 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 liters engines. In the most productive version, the engine power (2.5 liters) is 175 horsepower.

The third generation Impreza is one of the most unsuccessful models in the history of Impreza, and was produced between 2007 and 2011. In the basic version, the truck was equipped with a 1.5-liter 105 hp engine.

The fourth generation of Impreza was equipped with more modern 1.6 and 2.0 engines with 114 and 150 hp, respectively.

And finally, the fifth generation of Impreza. The most popular version is a version with 2-liter 150-horsepower atmospheric combustion engine.

How to increase clearance

The Subaru Forester suspension design is such that the optimum way to increase clearance is to install extended springs and shock absorbers or to use spacers that put between the support bearings of the Macpherson struts and the body. Exotic methods such as mounting large diameter wheels or changing the suspension to pneumatic or hydraulic do not have the desired effect because they require a serious body rework or very large investments comparable to the cost of the vehicle. In addition, the installation of large diameter wheels will also require the replacement of gearboxes, because the larger the wheel, the more torque is needed to rotate them, and thus the higher the load on the gearbox.

Subaru Impreza
Subaru Impreza

Installation of McPherson’s extended stands is justified in the sense that they can be selected from other models, but the consequences will not be too good. In fact, standard columns ideally correspond to weight of the car and occurring at movement on off-road loadings. If you select stands on load-carrying capacity, form and rigidity, you can find suitable, but for this you need a lot of experience and deep knowledge. That’s why only a good car mechanic who works on increasing Subaru Forrester’s clearance all the time can choose the right long posts. It is possible, of course, to use racks from off-road suspension of this car, but replacement of racks will require the replacement of the stabilizer of transverse stability, because off-road racks are not only higher, but also softer, so the stabilizer is a little harder.

Many inexperienced Subaru owners often install on their machines autobafields, that is, intervitkovye spacers, because this way to increase the clearance does not require any special training, or any special equipment. Simple enough jack, which is always in the trunk, because to install the car bumper is enough to lift one side of the car to hang the wheel. Thus it is not necessary even to remove a wheel itself, after all it does not interfere with installation of these spacers. Despite all attractiveness of such way of increase in road clearance, use of autobuffers leads to a number of negative consequences which even can cause an accident. In more detail we will tell about autobaffers in one of the following articles.

For suspensions of any design in which the spring and shock absorber are combined in a single column, the optimal way to increase clearance is to install spacers between the support bearings and the car body. Even when driving really off-road, the main load on this section is directed vertically and only a tenth of a percent is in the horizontal vector. That’s why longer bolts than standard are used to fix the spacers. The lack of a strong horizontal load results in the fact that even spacers made of not too strong rubber do not create backlash in the support bearings. However, polyurethane spacers are the best way to increase clearance on such suspensions, as the characteristics of polyurethane are much higher than those of rubber. In addition, when the machine drives quickly even on unpaved roads, not to mention off-road, the suspension spring does not always have time to straighten and often hit the next obstacle occurs when the spring is partially compressed.

Road clearance:

  • Generation 1 – 155 mm
  • Generation 2 – 165 mm
  • Generation 3 – 160 mm
  • Generation 4 – 145 mm
  • Generation 5 – 155 mm (STI version – 125 mm).

Source

Lifted WRX FAQ | By Custom Rigs Mag | in 2020!

How do I change the engine oil and filter in my car on my own?

One of the most important procedures you must perform regularly to keep your car in top shape is to change the engine oil and filter. The oil in your car works in the same way as the blood in our body – through its circulation in the engine, the whole system functions smoothly and efficiently. Timely oil and filter change is a guarantee of long life of your car engine and its uninterrupted operation.

When it is time to change engine oil (the recommended interval between changes is specified in the instruction manual for the car), you have two options: contact a specialist, for example, service stations to change the oil yourself using this manual.

Change Oil
Change Oil

The equipment you will need in the process:

  • Motor oil. Use our engine oil selection tool to find out which engine oil you need. Be sure to check your vehicle’s owner’s manual, which contains the manufacturer’s recommended specifications, viscosity grade and filling volume.
  • New oil filter.
  • Removal of the oil filter.
  • Sealing washer (ring) under the filter.
  • A socket wrench of the appropriate size.
  • Wrench for oil filters.
  • Funnel.
  • Tank for old used oil, e.g. pallet.
  • Protective gloves and goggles.

Step 1: Prepare the vehicle for the replacement process.

Before draining the oil, start the car and leave the engine running for 1-2 minutes to allow the oil to warm up a little so that it can be drained more easily. Replace the engine at a suitable location. For heavy or light commercial vehicles, inspection pits or overpasses are usually used. In the case of light vehicles, a garage or driveway will be suitable. It is very important that the car stands on a flat, stable surface.

If you have a passenger car, you can use a jack to lift it. Remember, however, never lie under a car that only holds the jack, be sure to use a lifting support and observe safety regulations.

Prepare the vehicle
Prepare the vehicle

Step 2: Drain the old engine oil.

It is recommended to remove the oil filler cap, which will make it easier to drain oil from the engine at a later date.

Find the oil drain plug. To do so, inspect the car from below. It is usually located at the bottom of the crankcase oil sump. If the crankcase guard is fitted to your vehicle and there is no special maintenance opening on it, it must be removed. Place a container for used oil under the oil drain plug. Loosen the drain plug with the Allen key by turning it counterclockwise. Then gently remove the plug and allow the oil to escape.

Proceed with care, as engine oil can be hot.

When the oil has leaked out, wrap the plug in place manually and then tighten it a quarter turn with the key.

Step 3. Replace the oil filter.

Leave a container for old oil under the machine and find an oil filter. Loosen the oil filter with the key by turning it counterclockwise. Remove the filter manually.

Before installing a new one, apply some engine oil to the new gasket (check your car’s owner’s manual) so that it does not stick and crack and is a good protection against oil leaks.

Install and secure the new filter manually.

Step 4: Fill in the engine oil

When the oil filler cap is removed, pour oil through the oil filler cap into the engine. Use a funnel to avoid spillage of oil. After filling, close the cover and wipe off oil leaks from the surface. Start the engine and let it run for about a minute to allow oil to circulate.

Step 5: Checking the oil level

Turn off the car engine, pull out and wipe the dipstick. Load it up and pull it out to make sure the oil level is normal. If necessary, top up the oil to the correct level.

Step 6. Cleaning and Disposal

Once you have carried out the replacement work, it is essential to clean up. Pour the oil from the container into an old container or any other suitable container and put the used filter in a plastic bag.

The best way to get rid of old engine oil is to dispose of it. Never dispose of used oil and used oil filter in household waste bins. Often service stations will accept old oil and oil filters free of charge.

Step 7: Write down the oil change date and mileage.

To know when to perform the procedure next time, be sure to record this data and remember to change the oil regularly.
Usually engine oil is changed every 10,000 km of mileage* and at least once a year. The oil filter should be changed every time the oil is changed.
*Always check the vehicle’s owner’s manual for recommended oil change intervals according to the vehicle’s operating conditions.

(Optional) Several stories:

A person bought a foreign car (I won’t specify which one. Maybe it’s not even a foreign car at all.) Driving to a dealer is expensive, the service does not allow pride. But you have to change the oil. We ran ten thousand kilometers, it’s time to roll up our sleeves. Theoretically, everything is simple, I leaked the old one, flooded the new one.

In practice, the owner of the car still came to service, only with another problem: the gearbox is humming. Listen, make sure – it’s humming. The first thing was to check the oil level in it. The gearbox turned out to be “dry”. The service asked: what were you doing with the car? Nothing, the owner answers, but he changed the engine oil. He did it himself. With his own hands. With these, dudes, gold hands.

Yeah, I got a clue. They started checking the engine oil. Anyway, the picture is clear: the drain plug turned the boxes out of the crankcase and the oil was added to the engine. Three liters. Why check his level with a feeler gauge? That’s right, don’t! It says three liters in the manual, I measured it and poured it in. Bottom line: the box is empty, the engine has six litres of oil. The box was saved, the oil was poured, the rumble passed. And the engine was lucky, the oil seals didn’t squeeze out. They poured six liters of cocktails of old and new oil, filled the new one.

Oil filter
Oil filter

Attention, a question: how it is possible to do so, if during replacement it was necessary to unscrew the filter (oil still a little bit, but it leaked out) and to check at least twice oil level on a probe? That’s what I don’t know.

Well, it’s a much more prosaic picture. I have a comrade who heard a knock in the engine a few kilometers after replacement. He did everything right, but forgot to wrap the drain plug and check the level after replacement. The price of inattention was higher here.

Such consequences (let’s say – rare) can turn out, if you do not pay due attention to the operation. Therefore, the wizard from the service is right in something: if the impulsive nature does not allow you to approach the work with proper attention or you confuse the gearbox crankcase with the crankcase internal combustion engine, it is better to go to the service. You’re not convinced? Then let’s move on.

How to clean Spark Plugs?

Spark Plugs
Spark Plugs

The stable operation of the car engine directly depends on the spark plugs, which over time lose their properties – covered with soot, which prevents the stable passage of the spark. Other factors lead to the failure of the spark plug, but most often their replacement is due to a clogged electrode, which begins to melt. This can be avoided if the spark plugs are cleaned of the resulting soot.

Contrary to popular belief, the formation of soot does not always indicate a problem with the motor or something else. Even with a good engine, quality fuel and oil, there is still plaque on the spark plugs that gradually reduces their effectiveness. As a result, the candle breaks down.

Of course, there are many other causes of “death” of candles, but most often they stop working because of too thick layer of soot, which leads to overheating and melting of the electrode.

The average service life
The average service life

The average service life of spark plugs, which the owner monitors and cleans from soot, can grow by 5-10 thousand kilometers, ie from 20-25 thousand to 30-35 thousand, if we are talking about quality elements. You can clean spark plugs at home by various methods, and below we will tell you how to do it.

The easiest and most obvious is to use fine sandpaper or a small brush with steel bristles. The use of highly abrasive paper is strictly prohibited.

Despite the simplicity of this method, it is not so safe for the candle itself. Even with a fine-grained “finishing” sandpaper you can easily damage the insulator. This will lead to faster formation of soot on the candle and its rapid failure.

Never use sharp tools such as a flat-blade screwdriver or sewing device for cleaning.

Candle types

Let me remind you, there are now only two main types of spark plugs: ordinary nickel and advanced iridium. I’m not going to talk about two, three electrode variants now, yet they have a central electrode mainly made of nickel.

There are two basic types that differ fundamentally:

Nickel – they have a central electrode and a side electrode made of nickel alloy with other metals, steel, etc. can also be used. There are no precious metals, the central electrode is made in the form of a cylinder.

Iridium electrodes – there are also central and side electrodes. Their base is also made of ordinary metals, but there is a spraying of iridium, platinum and other precious variants from above in a few microns. This is done so that the central part, which is sharpened like a needle, does not burn from high temperatures.

It is worth noting that cleaning in these two main types will be very different.

ROUGH CLEANING OF CANDLESTICKS WITH SANDPAPER

SANDPAPER
SANDPAPER

It will. A brush with thin steel bristles or sandpaper with the smallest grain size.

Cleaning procedure. This method is simple, and that’s its main advantage. The car owner can use sandpaper or brush to clean the spark plug with physical force. The disadvantage of this method is that with this method of cleaning the spark plug there is a good chance to scratch the insulator badly, so that it will be much faster to cover the soot while working. In no way should you clean spark plugs with a knife, sewer or screwdriver – one wrong movement and the electrode will fail.

ROUGH CLEANING
ROUGH CLEANING

A safer and simpler way implies the use of conventional household chemicals. Limescale and rust removal agents are best suited. In fact, it’s the most common household chemicals for sanitary engineering.

CLEANING SPARK PLUGS WITH HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS

HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS
HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS

It will. Rag, water, small brush, small container, lime scale and rust remover, most commonly used to clean slabs, sinks, faucets and other household appliances.

Cleaning procedure. Various household chemicals are good at removing soot from spark plugs. Maximum efficiency is shown by the means used for the removal of lime scale and rust – their cost is small and the effect is excellent.

CLEANING SPARK PLUGS WITH HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS
CLEANING SPARK PLUGS WITH HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS

Cleaning the spark plug with a detergent is as follows:

  • In a small container (plastic cups can be taken), a detergent is poured to remove scale and rust. Pour so much so that part of the spark plug with soot is completely in the detergent;
  • Next, all spark plugs are lowered into the container at the same time;
  • Wait about half an hour, after which the candles are taken out of the container, and the residues are cleaned with a small brush;
  • The spark plug is then washed under water and wiped with a towel;
  • The spark plugs must be completely dry before they are placed on the vehicle. You can put them on the battery for a few hours, but some motorists, to speed up the drying process, put the candles in the oven at a minimum temperature of 15-20 minutes.

This method is good in that the strong household chemicals cleans the soot from all areas of the spark plug, on which it gets. In this way, not only the electrode of the spark plug is cleaned, but also the insulator and the threads. The candle looks like a new one and is able to work for some more time.

The third way is distinguished by some difficulty, but if you want a thrill and does not give rest to the glory of the heroes of the series “In All Heavy”, you can try it, too.

CLEANING THE SPARK PLUGS WITH A SOLUTION OF AMMONIUM ACETATE

AMMONIUM ACETATE
AMMONIUM ACETATE

It will. Water, household stove, gasoline, 20% aqueous solution of ammonium acetate, hard brush.

Before you start, you need to hold the candles in the gasoline for a while to maximally degrease and then dry. Only then can you move on to a 20% solution of ammonium acetate.

The cleaning procedure. If the car owner has the option to make a 20% solution of ammonium acetate, they can clean the spark plugs. For this purpose it is necessary:

The first thing to do is to wash the spark plugs in petrol and dry them. This should be done in order to degrease their surface as much as possible;

The first thing to do is to wash the spark plugs in petrol and dry them.
The first thing to do is to wash the spark plugs in petrol and dry them.

Then a solution of ammonium acetate is brought to the plate at 90 degrees Celsius. To make it easier to navigate the temperature of the solution, and not to lower it below the required temperature, you can bring it to a boil;

The spark plugs are lowered into the solution for half an hour. Attention: This procedure must be performed with good ventilation (included in the hood or open window), because the vapours emitted by boiling ammonium acetate are harmful to the body;

After half an hour, the spark plugs are removed and cleaned with a brush; they should then be washed under hot water and dried.

The result of cleaning the spark plugs with a solution of ammonium acetate is no different from removing soot with household chemicals. In both cases, the spark plugs are completely cleaned and can be fitted again to the vehicle.

Source

How To Clean Spark Plugs With WD40? – Ballistic Parts